New waves of the epidemic and the overwhelming demand for oxygen in the healthcare sector have led to a scarcity of the product worldwide. Countries with severe shortages are diverting oxygen from the sectors of metallurgy and chemistry to healthcare, which reduces the productivity of the manufacturing industries. As the pandemic slows, the demand for medical oxygen will return to pre-crisis levels. In the post-pandemic period, the growing demand from the metallurgical and chemical industries will continue to shape market expansion. Decarbonization may emerge as a new market driver, with oxygen being used to produce synthesis gas from carbon dioxide.
The use of methanol as an alternative fuel is in line with the new global green agenda and can become a new driver of the methanol market. Maritime and automotive fuels constitute the prospective methanol applications. China is the largest market for imported methanol, with import growth to persist, should more cars work on the methanol fuel.