Which Country Imports the Most Internal Combustion Engines in the World?

Engines And Turbines May 28, 2018
Author: Sergey Avramenko
Head of Global Markets Research Team

In 2016, the amount of internal combustion engine imported worldwide stood at 6M tonnes, growing by 7% against the previous year figure. Overall, it indicated a remarkable increase from 2007 to 2016: the total imports volume increased at an average annual rate of +6.8% over the last nine years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. Based on the result of 2016, internal combustion engine imports increased by +81.5% against its level of 2009. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2010, when it surged by 18% from the previous year level. Global internal combustion engine import peaked in 2016, and are likely to continue its growth in the near future.

In value terms, internal combustion engine imports stood at $41B in 2016. In general, internal combustion engine imports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Over the period under review, global internal combustion engine imports attained its maximum level of $45B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2016, it failed to regain its strength.

Top Internal Combustion Engine Importing Countries in the World

1. USA (11.1 billion USD)

2. Canada (4.9 billion USD)

3. Germany (3.2 billion USD)

4. Mexico (2.2 billion USD)

5. China (2.2 billion USD)

6. Belgium (0.8 billion USD)

7. Japan (0.8 billion USD)

8. Thailand (0.6 billion USD)

9. United Kingdom (0.6 billion USD)

10. Hungary (0.6 billion USD)

11. Austria (0.2 billion USD)

12. Ukraine (0.0 billion USD)

Internal Combustion Engine Imports By Country

The U.S. (1.5M tonnes) represented the key importer of internal combustion engine in the world, finishing at 1.5M tonnes, which was approx. 25% of total imports in 2016. It was distantly followed by China (542K tonnes), Japan (536K tonnes), Canada (281K tonnes), and Germany (274K tonnes), together mixed up 27% share of total internal combustion engine imports. The following importers - Mexico (240K tonnes), Belgium (227K tonnes), the UK (223K tonnes), Hungary (212K tonnes), Ukraine (182K tonnes), Austria (161K tonnes), and Thailand (140K tonnes) together made up 23% of total imports.

Imports into the U.S. increased at an average annual rate of +18.9% from 2007 to 2016. At the same time, China (+24.1%), Belgium (+21.8%), Ukraine (+17.3%), Mexico (+9.6%), Thailand (+8.2%), and Canada (+4.5%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, China emerged as the fastest growing importer/exporter in the world, with a CAGR of +24.1% from 2007-2016. Hungary, Germany, Japan, and Austria experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, the UK (-1.4%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2007 to 2016, the share of Canada, Mexico, Ukraine, Belgium, China, and the U.S. decreased by -1.5%, -2.2%, -2.3%, -3.1%, -7.7%, and -20.0% percentage points, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, the U.S. ($11B) constitutes the largest market for imported internal combustion engine worldwide, making up 27% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Canada ($4.9B), with the share of 12% of global imports. It was followed by Germany, with the share of 8%.

From 2007 to 2016, the average annual growth rate of value of internal combustion engine imports in the U.S. stood at +2.4%. The remaining importing countries recorded the following average annual rates: Canada (-1.7% per year) and Germany (-4.6% per year).

Internal Combustion Engine Import Prices By Country

The average internal combustion engine import price stood at $6,789 per tonne in 2016, declining by -5.3% against the previous year. Overall, internal combustion engine import price continues to indicate a drastic decrease. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2010, when import increased by 10% y-o-y. Over the period under review, average internal combustion engine import price reached its maximum level of $12 per kg in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2016, it failed to regain its strength.

There were significant differences in the average import prices amongst major importing countries. In 2016, the country with the highest import prices was Canada ($17 per kg), while Ukraine ($42 per tonne) was among the lowest.

From 2007 to 2016, the most notable growth rate of internal combustion engine import prices was attained by Hungary (+8.7% per year), while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Do you want to know more about global internal combustion engine market? Get the latest trends and insight from our report. It includes a wide range of statistics on

  • internal combustion engine market share
  • internal combustion engine prices
  • internal combustion engine industry
  • internal combustion engine sales
  • internal combustion engine import
  • internal combustion engine export
  • internal combustion engine market forecast
  • internal combustion engine price forecast
  • key internal combustion engine producers

All data provided in this article covers the following product: HS Code 8407 - Reciprocating or rotary internal combustion piston engines.

Source: World: Internal Combustion Engines, Excluding Diesel (Other Than For Motor Vehicles And Aircraft) - Market Report. Analysis and Forecast to 2025