Which Country Exports the Most Wood In The Rough in the World?

Industrial Wood May 28, 2018
Author: Sergey Avramenko
Head of Global Markets Research Team

In 2016, approx. 120M tonnes of wood were exported worldwide; surging by 9% against the previous year figure. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.9% over the period from 2007 to 2016; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations in certain years. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2011, an increase of 17% against the previous year level. Global wood export peaked in 2016, and are likely to continue its growth in the near future.

In value terms, wood exports stood at $14B in 2016. In general, wood exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Global wood export peaked of $16B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

Top Wood Exporting Countries in the World

1. USA (2,097.8 million USD)

2. New Zealand (1,786.6 million USD)

3. Russia (1,351.4 million USD)

4. Canada (679.0 million USD)

5. Uruguay (566.3 million USD)

6. Czech Republic (481.4 million USD)

7. Australia (394.0 million USD)

8. Germany (365.8 million USD)

9. France (293.9 million USD)

10. Norway (200.4 million USD)

11. Latvia (153.0 million USD)

12. Belarus (87.3 million USD)

Wood Exports By Country

In 2016, the U.S. (21M tonnes), New Zealand (18M tonnes), and Russia (16M tonnes) were the largest exporters of wood in the world, achieving 45% of total export. It was distantly followed by Canada (7.3M tonnes), and Uruguay (7.1M tonnes), together committing 12% share of total wood exports. Czech Republic (5M tonnes), Australia (3.9M tonnes), Norway (3.3M tonnes), Germany (3.2M tonnes), France (2.8M tonnes), Belarus (2.6M tonnes), and Latvia (2.4M tonnes) followed a long way behind this figure.

From 2007 to 2016, the most notable growth rate of wood exports, among the main exporting countries, was attained by Norway (+18.1% per year), while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the U.S. ($2.1B), New Zealand ($1.8B) and Russia ($1.4B) were the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2016, together comprising 38% of global exports. These countries were followed by Canada, Uruguay, Czech Republic, Australia, Germany, France, Norway, Latvia and Belarus, which together accounted for a further 23%.

Uruguay (+19.6% per year) experienced the highest rates of growth with regard to the wood exports, among the main exporting countries, over the last 9 years, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Wood Export Prices By Country

The average wood export price stood at $114 per tonne in 2016, declining by -5.0% against the previous year. Overall, wood export price continues to indicate a pronounced drop. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010, when export increased by 10% against the previous year level. Over the period under review, average wood export price attained its maximum level of $154 per tonne in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

There were significant differences in the average export prices amongst major exporting countries. In 2016, the country with the highest export prices was Germany ($114 per tonne), while Belarus ($34 per tonne) was among the lowest.

From 2007 to 2016, the most notable growth rate of wood export prices was attained by France (+4.8% per year), while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Do you want to know more about global wood market? Get the latest trends and insight from our report. It includes a wide range of statistics on

  • wood market share
  • wood prices
  • wood industry
  • wood sales
  • wood import
  • wood export
  • wood market forecast
  • wood price forecast
  • key wood producers

All data provided in this article covers the following product: HS Code 4403 - Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of bark or sapwood, or roughly squared.

Source: World: Wood In The Rough - Market Report. Analysis and Forecast to 2025