Which Country Exports the Most Cultured Pearls in the World?

Jewellery And Bijouterie May 28, 2018
Author: Anna Sergeeva
Market Analyst

In 2016, the global pearl exports amounted to 427 tonnes, dropping by -7.2% against the previous year level. Overall, pearl exports continue to indicate a deep reduction. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010, when exports increased by 5% year-to-year. Over the period under review, global pearl exports reached its maximum volume of 1.1K tonnes in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

In value terms, pearl exports totaled $3.3B in 2016. In general, pearl exports continue to indicate a prominent growth. Global pearl export peaked in 2016, and are expected to retain its growth in the near future.

Top Pearl Exporting Countries in the World

1. Japan (282.6 million USD)

2. French Polynesia (111.4 million USD)

3. China (67.8 million USD)

4. Ghana (0.0 million USD)

5. Egypt (0.0 million USD)

6. Zimbabwe (0.0 million USD)

Pearl Exports By Country

In 2016, China (213 tonnes) represented the main exporter for pearl, comprising 50% of total exports. It was distantly followed by Ghana (48 tonnes), Japan (44 tonnes), and Egypt (26 tonnes), together making up 28% share of total pearl exports. Zimbabwe (19 tonnes), and French Polynesia (14 tonnes) took the weak share of total exports.

Exports from China decreased at an average annual rate of -12.5% from 2007 to 2016. At the same time, Ghana (+12.9%), and French Polynesia (+6.4%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Ghana emerged as the fastest growing importer/exporter in the world, with a CAGR of +12.9% from 2007-2016. Egypt experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, Japan (-1.6%), and Zimbabwe (-21.7%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. While the share of China (115%), Zimbabwe (35%), and Japan (2%) increased significantly, the share of Ghana (-7.5%) displayed negative dynamics. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Japan ($283M) remains the largest pearl supplier in the world, making up 9% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by French Polynesia ($111M), with the share of 3% of global exports. It was followed by China, with the share of 2%.

From 2007 to 2016, the average annual rate of growth in terms of value of pearl exports in Japan shrank by -0.5%. The remaining exporting countries recorded the following average annual rates: French Polynesia (+0.5% per year) and China (-11.7% per year).

Pearl Export Prices By Country

In 2016, the average export price for pearl amounted to $7.8K per kg, increasing by 34% against the previous year. Overall, pearl export price continues to indicate a strong growth. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014, when it surged by 79% from the previous year level. Over the period under review, average pearl export price attained its maximum level in 2016, and is likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

There were significant differences in the average export prices amongst major exporting countries. In 2016, the country with the highest export prices was French Polynesia ($8.1K per kg), while Zimbabwe ($58 per tonne) was among the lowest.

From 2007 to 2016, the most notable growth rate of pearl export prices was attained by Global (+19.5% per year), while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Do you want to know more about global pearl market? Get the latest trends and insight from our report. It includes a wide range of statistics on

  • pearl market share
  • pearl prices
  • pearl industry
  • pearl sales
  • pearl import
  • pearl export
  • pearl market forecast
  • pearl price forecast
  • key pearl producers

All data provided in this article covers the following product: HS Code 7101 - Pearls; natural or cultured, whether or not worked or graded but not strung, mounted or set; pearls, natural or cultured, temporarily strung for the convenience of transport.

Source: World: Cultured Pearls, Precious Or Semi-Precious Stones - Market Report. Analysis and Forecast to 2025