World - Electronic Integrated Circuits and Microassemblies - Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights
Update: COVID-19 Impact
Global Chip Shortage Set to Persist as Planned Supply Expansions Slow to Catch Up to Rising Demand
IndexBox has just published a new report: 'World - Electronic Integrated Circuits and Microassemblies - Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights'. Here is a summary of the report's key findings.
Global demand for semiconductor chips continues to outpace supply, mainly driven by increasing procurement from both the consumer electronics and automobile sectors in 2021, catching major semiconductor foundries TSMC and Samsung off-guard. In response, many major Asian chip manufacturers have hiked their prices by up to 20% this year. While both TSMC and Samsung have pledged to increase production capacity, market players project the chip shortfall to persist until 2022/2023.
Key Trends and Insights
While covid lockdowns in 2020 had led to increased demand for consumer electronics such as smartphones, personal computers and server equipment, the resulting increase in demand for semiconductor chips from this sector was offset by a fall in purchases from the automobile sector. When automobile sales rebounded as lockdowns eased in early 2021, this led to a severe shortfall in chip supply, despite semiconductor fabs already operating at close to maximum utilization rates.
In the short-term, semiconductor shortages for the automobile industry are set to ease later this year, as the world’s largest chipmaker TSMC ramps up the output of automobile chips in recent months. Automobile chip production is set to increase by 60% compared to last year’s volume.
More broadly, however, TSMC Chief Executive Dr C.C. Wei has stated that overall chip supply shortages in the industry could last until 2022. This sentiment is echoed by UMC executive Chien Shan-chieh, who has predicted overall chip shortages to worsen in the short term and persist until 2023. These shortfalls have led Asian chip manufacturers to hike their prices by an average of 20% this year, with TSMC in particular suspending discounts that the company offers to bulk clients. These elevated prices are likely to remain until chip supply can fully catch up with demand.
Part of the issue stems from the complex and time-consuming semiconductor chip manufacturing process. Semiconductor fabs are already operating at full capacity, and even under ideal conditions, it can take 12 to 26 weeks to complete one batch of chip manufacture. While TSMC has committed to investing $100B into expanding chip manufacturing and R&D across the next three years in response to rising demand, the effects of this expansion would likely only manifest from 2022 onwards. Samsung has also announced plans to invest $141B into its semiconductor business over the next 10 years, including a new Korean production facility set to come online in late 2022.
These recent shortages have also highlighted the geographical vulnerability of the semiconductor supply chain: the majority of chip production is concentrated in Taiwanese facilities under the control of TSMC, which account for 56% of the world’s chip production. Major economies such as the U.S. have made recent efforts to lure major chip manufacturers into setting up production facilities domestically. Construction started in June this year of a $12B TSMC chip plant in Arizona, while Samsung is potentially looking to sink $17B into a new Texas manufacturing facility. TSMC has additional plans to expand manufacturing to Germany and Japan in the future. The June U.S. Innovation and Competition Act has also set aside $52B for domestic semiconductor research and manufacturing projects in attempts to develop the U.S.’ own semiconductor manufacturing capacity.
Global Exports of Electronic Chips
In 2020, shipments abroad of electronic chips increased by 7% to 1,180B units, rising for the eighth consecutive year after two years of decline. In value terms, electronic chip exports stood at $888.4B (IndexBox estimates) in 2020.
In value terms, Taiwan (Chinese) ($218.8B), Hong Kong SAR ($150.1B) and China ($116.6B) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2020, together accounting for 55% of global exports.
Hong Kong SAR (243B units), China (242B units) and Taiwan (Chinese) (198B units) represented roughly 58% of total exports of electronic chips in 2020. Singapore (127B units) occupied the next position in the ranking, followed by Malaysia (119B units), Japan (72B units) and the Philippines (69B units). All these countries together held approx 33% share of total exports.
From 2007 to 2020, the most notable growth rate in terms of shipments amongst the main exporting countries was attained by China, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
The average electronic chip export price stood at $0.8 per unit in 2020, growing by 7.4% against the previous year. From 2007 to 2020, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Malaysia, while the other global leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.
Source: IndexBox Platform
This report provides an in-depth analysis of the global electronic chip market. Within it, you will discover the latest data on market trends and opportunities by country, consumption, production and price developments, as well as the global trade (imports and exports). The forecast exhibits the market prospects through 2025.
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