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Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, July 10, 2018 79

In 2016, the global refined lead market grew to 11.2M tonnes, growing steadily by +3.3% per year over the last nine years with only mild fluctuations. In wholesale prices, the market stood at $22.5B, illustrating a mixed trend pattern. There was a significant decline by 31% in 2009, followed by strong growth over the next two years. Afterwards, however, the market value slipped back in the following year and stabilized from 2013 to 2014; it plunged again in 2015 and then flattened.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, June 22, 2018 68

In value terms, the US copper and copper alloy product market value decreased by 6% to $17.7B in 2016. From 2007 to 2016, the market was subject to significant fluctuations against changes in prices.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 88

In 2016, the global zinc imports totaled 9.7M tonnes, approximately mirroring the previous year figure. In general, zinc imports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2014, when import increased by 5% year-to-year. In that year, global zinc imports attained its maximum volume of 9.9M tonnes. From 2015 to 2016, growth of global zinc imports failed to regain its strength. In value terms, zinc imports totaled $11B in 2016. In general, zinc imports continue to indicate a measured descent. Over the period under review, global zinc imports reached its maximum level of $13B in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

 
Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 21

Global copper imports totaled 2M tonnes in 2016, moving up by 5% against the previous year figure. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.8% over the period from 2007 to 2016; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2013, an increase of 10% year-to-year. Over the period under review, global copper imports reached its maximum volume in 2016, and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, copper imports amounted to $8.8B in 2016. Overall, it indicated a modest growth from 2007 to 2016: the total imports value increased at an average annual rate of +1.8% over the last nine years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. Based on the result of 2016, copper imports decreased by -12.4% against its level of 2012. Global copper import peaked of $10B in 2012; however, from 2013 to 2016, it failed to regain its strength. Top Copper Importing Countries in the World 1. China (3,317.7 million USD) 2. Turkey (1,371.8 million USD) 3. Belgium (1,360.4 million USD) 4. India (491.4 million USD) 5. Germany (411.2 million USD) 6. Canada (366.2 million USD) 7. South Korea (344.8 million USD) 8. Australia (332.3 million USD) 9. Japan (22.2 million USD) 10. Bulgaria (4.7 million USD) 11. Peru (0.2 million USD) 12. Dominican Republic (0.0 million USD) Copper Imports By Country China (609K tonnes) represented the major importing country with an import of about 609K tonnes, which recorded 31% of total imports. Belgium (225K tonnes) took a 11% share (based on tonnes) of global copper imports, which put it in second place, following Bulgaria (6%), and the Dominican Republic (5%). The following importers - Turkey (87K tonnes), India (79K tonnes), Canada (68K tonnes), Germany (64K tonnes), South Korea (62K tonnes), Australia (55K tonnes), Japan (54K tonnes), and Peru (52K tonnes) together made up 26% of total imports. Imports into China increased at an average annual rate of +15.0% from 2007 to 2016. At the same time, India (+33.3%), Australia (+11.6%), Turkey (+10.8%), Germany (+8.0%), Peru (+1.2%), and the Dominican Republic (+1.1%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, India emerged as the fastest growing importer/exporter in the world, with a CAGR of +33.3% from 2007-2016. Belgium experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, Japan (-3.1%), Bulgaria (-3.2%), Canada (-4.4%), and South Korea (-5.2%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. Bulgaria (2%), South Korea (2%), and Canada (2%) significantly strengthened its position in terms of the global imports, while Germany, Australia, Turkey, India, and China saw its share reduced by -1.6%, -1.8%, -2.7%, -3.7%, and -22.2% from 2007 to 2016, respectively. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period. In value terms, China ($3.3B) constitutes the largest market for imported copper worldwide, making up 38% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Turkey ($1.4B), with the share of 16% of global imports. It was followed by Belgium, with the share of 15%. From 2007 to 2016, the average annual growth rate of value of copper imports in China stood at +11.7%. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Turkey (+20.7% per year) and Belgium (-1.8% per year). Copper Import Prices By Country In 2016, the average import price for copper amounted to $4,464 per tonne, growing by 2% against the previous year. Overall, copper import price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010, when it surged by 44% from the previous year level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 19

In 2016, approx. 72K tonnes of silver were imported worldwide; coming down by -5.6% against the previous year figure. In general, silver imports continue to indicate a moderate decline. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2015, an increase of 5% year-to-year. Over the period under review, global silver imports reached its maximum volume of 92K tonnes in 2008; however, from 2009 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 22

In 2016, the global refined lead imports amounted to 4.8M tonnes, increasing by 4% against the previous year figure. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.1% over the period from 2007 to 2016; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations over the period under review. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010, when import increased by 8% against the previous year level.

 
Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Sergey Avramenko, May 28, 2018 21

Global refined copper imports amounted to 20M tonnes in 2016, declining by -2.5% against the previous year figure. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% from 2007 to 2016; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2009, when import increased by 7% y-o-y. Over the period under review, global refined copper imports reached its maximum volume of 20M tonnes in 2015, falling back in the following year. In value terms, refined copper imports amounted to $48B in 2016. Overall, refined copper imports continue to indicate a slight setback. Global refined copper import peaked of $76B in 2011; however, from 2012 to 2016, it failed to regain its strength. Top Refined Copper Importing Countries in the World 1. China (18.1 billion USD) 2. Germany (3.6 billion USD) 3. USA (3.5 billion USD) 4. Italy (3.0 billion USD) 5. South Korea (2.0 billion USD) 6. Japan (0.2 billion USD) 7. Australia (0.0 billion USD) 8. Kazakhstan (0.0 billion USD) 9. Chile (0.0 billion USD) 10. Russia (0.0 billion USD) 11. Peru (0.0 billion USD) 12. Zambia (0.0 billion USD) Refined Copper Imports By Country China (3.7M tonnes), and Chile (3.5M tonnes) were the largest importers of refined copper in 2016, accounting for near 19%, and 18% of total imports, respectively. It was distantly followed by Zambia (993K tonnes), mixed up 5% share of total refined copper imports. Germany (741K tonnes), the U.S. (657K tonnes), Japan (646K tonnes), Italy (624K tonnes), Russia (563K tonnes), Australia (498K tonnes), Kazakhstan (475K tonnes), Peru (428K tonnes), and South Korea (406K tonnes) held the slight share of total imports. From 2007 to 2016, the most notable growth rate of refined copper imports, among the main importing countries, was attained by China (+10.1% per year), while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth. In value terms, China ($18B) constitutes the largest market for imported refined copper worldwide, making up 38% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Germany ($3.6B), with the share of 7% of global imports. It was followed by the U.S., with the share of 7%. In China, refined copper imports expanded at an average annual rate of +6.0% over the period from 2007-2016. The remaining importing countries recorded the following average annual rates: Germany (-6.1% per year) and the U.S. (-5.8% per year). Refined Copper Import Prices By Country In 2016, the average import price for refined copper amounted to $2,452 per tonne, coming down by -14.7% against the previous year. In general, refined copper import price continues to indicate a measured reduction. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010, when import increased by 43% from the previous year level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 25

In 2016, approx. 11K tonnes of platinum were imported worldwide; jumping by 75% against the previous year figure. Overall, it indicated a notable increase from 2007 to 2016: the total imports volume increased at an average annual rate of +3.8% over the last nine years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2016, when import increased by 75% year-to-year. In that year, global platinum imports reached its maximum volume, and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, platinum imports amounted to $22B in 2016. In general, platinum imports continue to indicate a drastic curtailment. Global platinum import peaked of $39B in 2008; however, from 2009 to 2016, it failed to regain its strength. Top Platinum Importing Countries in the World 1. United Kingdom (2,275.2 million USD) 2. Italy (1,262.1 million USD) 3. Spain (43.9 million USD) 4. Slovakia (39.7 million USD) 5. Czech Republic (33.8 million USD) 6. South Africa (18.5 million USD) 7. Hungary (0.4 million USD) Platinum Imports By Country In 2016, Hungary (4.5K tonnes) was the largest importer for platinum, making up 43% of total imports. Czech Republic (1.8K tonnes) took the second position in the ranking, distantly followed by Slovakia (566 tonnes), South Africa (564 tonnes), the UK (505 tonnes), and Spain (476 tonnes). All these countries together took near 38% share of total imports. The following importers - Italy (441 tonnes) occupied approx. 4% of total imports, each. Hungary was also the fastest growing in terms of the platinum imports, with a CAGR of +140.3% from 2007 to 2016. At the same time, Slovakia (+5.5%), and South Africa (+1.1%) displayed positive paces of growth. Italy, Spain, and Czech Republic experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, the UK (-3.3%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2007 to 2016, the share of the UK increased by 2% percentage points, while Slovakia (-2.1%), and Hungary (-43.2%) saw their share reduced. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period. In value terms, the largest platinum markets worldwide were the UK ($2.3B), Italy ($1.3B) and Spain ($44M), together accounting for 16% of global imports. The UK (+2.7% per year) had the highest growth rate of platinum imports, in terms of the main importing countries, over the last 9 years, while the other global leaders experienced a decline in the imports figures. Platinum Import Prices By Country In 2016, the average import price for platinum amounted to $2.1K per kg, falling by -46.9% against the previous year. Overall, platinum import price continues to indicate a abrupt slump. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010, when import price increased by 27% year-to-year. Over the period under review, average platinum import price reached its maximum level of $5.4K per kg in 2011; however, from 2012 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 28

Global nickel imports totaled 2M tonnes in 2016, import ,therefore, remained relatively stable against the previous year level.

 
Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 22

In 2016, the global imports of gold totaled 10K tonnes, reducing by -7.1% against the previous year figure. Overall, it indicated a prominent expansion from 2007 to 2016: the total imports volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.8% over the last nine years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. Based on the result of 2016, gold imports decreased by -18.4% against its level of 2013. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2013, when import increased by 27% year-to-year. In that year, global gold imports reached its maximum volume of 13K tonnes. From 2014 to 2016, growth of global gold imports stood at a somewhat lower level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 22

In 2016, the global cadmium imports totaled 42K tonnes, increasing by 5% against the previous year level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Sergey Avramenko, May 28, 2018 20

In 2016, approx. 227M tonnes of aluminium were imported worldwide; remaining relatively unchanged against the previous year figure. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.4% over the period from 2007 to 2016; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010, when it surged by 5% y-o-y. Over the period under review, global aluminium imports attained its maximum volume in 2016, and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, aluminium imports totaled $46B in 2016. In general, aluminium imports continue to indicate a moderate decline. Over the period under review, global aluminium imports attained its maximum level of $58B in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

 
Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Sergey Avramenko, May 28, 2018 20

Global aluminium tube imports totaled 725K tonnes in 2016, waning by -2.1% against the previous year figure. In general, aluminium tube imports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010, when import increased by 11% year-to-year. In that year, global aluminium tube imports reached its maximum volume of 873K tonnes. From 2011 to 2016, growth of global aluminium tube imports stood at a somewhat lower level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 19

Global aluminium bar imports stood at 6.9M tonnes in 2016, increasing by 2% against the previous year figure. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.2% over the period from 2007 to 2016; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010, when import increased by 10% against the previous year level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 19

In 2016, the amount of alumina imported worldwide totaled 87M tonnes, approximately mirroring the previous year figure. In general, alumina imports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2012, when it surged by 6% y-o-y. Global alumina import peaked in 2016, and are likely to continue its growth in the near future. In value terms, alumina imports amounted to $13B in 2016. In general, alumina imports continue to indicate a slight descent. Global alumina import peaked of $17B in 2008; however, from 2009 to 2016, it stood at a somewhat lower level.

 
Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Sergey Avramenko, May 28, 2018 19

In 2016, the global exports of zinc stood at 5.3M tonnes, standing approx. at the previous year level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 20

Global copper exports stood at 532K tonnes in 2016, jumping by 6% against the previous year figure. In general, copper exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2011, when it surged by 17% from the previous year level.

Basic Precious Metals
Blog, Anna Sergeeva, May 28, 2018 24

In 2016, the global silver exports totaled 42K tonnes, falling by -5.3% against the previous year level.

 

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